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Biosphere, Fauna and Flora in Cuba Naturaleza
Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity

Animal Life (Fauna) in Cuba Naturaleza

The Cuban fauna counts with 42 species of mammals, 350 of birds, 121 of reptiles, 46 of amphibians, 2 947 of mollusks, 7 493 of insects and 1 300 of arachnids, none of them are poisonous for man.

In Cuba, there are very peculiar species like the smallest frog of the norht hemisphere Monte Iberia Dwarf Eleuth (Eleuterodactylus iberia), the butterfly bat (Natalus lepidus), one of the smallest of the planet, and the Bee Hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae), from the species of hummingbirds, with only 7 centimeters, is know as the smallest bird in the world; as well as different species from the Polymita genre, considered as the most beautiful earthly mollusks.

Species like the Cuban Crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer) , one of the most primitive ones of the world. The Cuban Solenodon, a giant among the insectivorous mammals that live in the planet, and the Cuban Gar are considered living fossils. In our country, we have the National System for the Environment and the Natural Resources for Specie Conservation.

Birds of Cuba

The birds in Cuba add 369 wild species and of free life, that belong to 208 genres, to 63 families and to 21 orders. Among endemic bird species in Cuba stands out the Bee Hummingbird for being the smallest bird of the world with only 6,4 cm long. For the beauty, also there stands out the Cuban Trogon that is the national bird of Cuba, the Cuban Tody ... more birds in cuba naturaleza.

Cuban Trogon

Cuban Trogon

Bee Hummingbird

Bee Hummingbird

Cuban Tody

Cuban Tody

Mamals of Cuba

The mammals that existed in Cuba since the arrival of the Spanish settlers has 38 species nowadays: 27 bats (Quiroptera), 10 hutias (Rodentia), and the Cuban Solenodon (Insectivorous). In some cases, their populations have declined in an alarming way.

The hutias are the most characteristic mammals in Cuba. The Cuban Hutia is the most terrestrial. The Antillean Manatee has been in frank decline due to his habit of living in waters drops located near the estuaries ... more mamals in cuba naturaleza.

Cuban Solenodon

Cuban Solenodon

Cuban Hutia

Cuban Hutia

Antillean Manatee

Antillean Manatee

Reptiles of Cuba

Cuba possesses 136 species of reptiles, of which are endemic around 80%. More than half of our reptiles (some 90 species) they are lizards. The snakes and the majáes form important other group of reptiles with a total of 26 species, the most common is the Cuban Boa. The Cuban Crocodile, endemic to Cuba. The Cuban Rock Iguana, an endemic iguana of Cuba and present in all the island ... more reptiles in cuba naturaleza.

Amphibians of Cuba

Cuba is one of the Antillean islands with more diversity of amphibians. Until these days are known 57 species of frogs and toads , of them 54 are endemic, that makes of our amphibians the group of vertebrates with more endemismo.

Stand out the tiny frog Monte Iberia Dwarf Eleuth (Eleutherodactylus iberia), that constitutes the smallest amphibian in the north hemisphere ... The Cuban Tree Frog (Osteopilus septentrionalis) the biggest of the tree frogs in North America and the Caribbean ... The Yellow-Striped Pygmy Eleuthg is perhaps the fourth-smallest frog in the world ... more amphibians in cuba naturaleza.

Fishes of Cuba

The Cuban fauna includes 57 species of fresh water fishes, 22 of them are endemic to Cuba. Most of these fish possess a wide tolerance to the changes of temperature, salinity and composition of the water ... The Cuban Gar is a true treasure of Cuba, considered one of the most primitive skeletal fish ... In the rivers and lagoons of Cuba there are very beautiful fish, as the Cuban killifish ... Among the fish of more size stands out the Biajaca endemic species of Cuba ... more fishes in cuba naturaleza.

 
Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity
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© 2014 Nigel Hunt